The information presented below is a brief overview of this state's special education support system. Please contact the state education agency or follow the included links for more detailed information.

Educational definitions of disabilities

  • Autism - consistent with the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
  • Intellectual disability - consistent with the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
  • Emotional/behavioral disorder - uses emotional disturbance and is consistent with the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act

More detailed information is available at eligibility criteria.

Numbers of students with disabilities served

For the 2012 child count, Ohio reported the following:

  • Autism - 18,726 students, fifth highest among disability populations
  • Intellectual disability - 22,928 students, fourth highest among disability populations
  • Emotional/behavioral disorder - 15,754 students, sixth highest among disability populations.

Support service structure

The Ohio Department of Education, Special Education monitors and supports the special education services provided by public schools. Additional support is provided by regional state support teams.

Task forces

The Ohio Autism Task Force was created in 2003 and submitted its final report in 2005.The recommendations from that report were updated in 2012's Ohio Autism Recommendations.

Disability scholarship program

Ohio has multiple scholarship programs including the Autism Scholarship Program, the Jon Peterson Special Needs Scholarship Program and the EdChoice Scholarship Program. Additional information is available at scholarships.

Insurance coverage for autism spectrum disorder services

Ohio enacted legislation related to insurance coverage specifically for autism spectrum disorder-related services. See Ohio insurance for more details.

TRICARE-approved applied behavior analysis providers

As of May 2013, Ohio had 32 supervisors (direct service providers) and 140 tutors (assistants requiring supervision to provide services).

Parent training and information centers

The Ohio Coalition for the Education of Children with Disabilities is Ohio's parent training and information center.

Secondary transition resources

Information and resources related to secondary transition in Ohio are available at secondary transition.

Military Interstate Children's Compact Commission

Ohio is a member of the Military Interstate Children's Compact Commission.

Special education resources

Information on resources for families is available from the local school district, the regional state support team and the parent training and information center listed above. Additional information is provided at disability resources.

Military education resources

Information and resources specifically identified for military-connected families in Ohio may be found at military education resources.

Student smiling over back of seat in classroom