Glossary of Terms 

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

 

A

autism spectrum disorders - categorical and global term that encompasses the various syndromes included within disability range of autism. Often used interchangeably with autism, Asperger syndrome and pervasive developmental disorders.

 

D

Department of Defense Education Activity - field activity of the Office of the Secretary of Defense with the mission to plan, direct, coordinate and manage the education programs for eligible dependents of U.S. military personnel and civilian personnel of the Department of Defense.

Department of Defense Office of Community Support for Military Families with Special Needs - guides policy development and oversight in support of military families with special needs.

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders - publication of the American Psychiatric Association that contains the diagnostic criteria for all mental health disorders for children and adults, including autism. The Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition is the current edition.

dispute resolution - under the Individuals With Disabilities Education Act, parents have the right to request mediation, file an administrative complaint or request a due process hearing to resolve special education conflicts with early intervention providers.

 

E

Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center - support center funded by the U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs.

early intervention - a system of coordinated services that promotes the child's growth and development and supports families during the critical early years.

evidence-based practices - interventions and service models supported by research findings or demonstrated as being effective through a critical examination of current and past practices.

Exceptional Family Member Program - a component within the military that provides support to military families that include members with exceptional needs. Each branch of the military administers its own Exceptional Family Member Program for its members.

 

I

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act - federal law that requires states to identify and serve infants and toddlers with special needs. Part C lists the specific requirements for early intervention services.

IDEA & Toddler Coordinators Association - not-for-profit corporation organized to promote mutual assistance, cooperation and exchange of information and ideas in the administration of Part C and to provide support to state and territory Part C coordinators.

 

M

Military Interstate Children's Compact Commission - created to address education transition issues faced by military families when they are reassigned so they are afforded the same opportunities for educational success as other children.

 

O

OCONUS Directory of Special Needs - provides information about the level of special needs services available in overseas military communities.

 

S

state performance plan /annual performance report - the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act requirement for each state to evaluate its implementation of the act and provide improvement strategies. The state performance plan is based on 14 indicators for Part C. The plan is required to be posted on the state's web site. States must also annually report on progress made towards improvement, which is the annual performance report.

 

T

TRICARE - health care program serving active duty service members, National Guard and reserve members, retirees, families and survivors worldwide.

 

U

universal design for learning - principles for curriculum development that give all individuals equal opportunities to learn.